Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (2023)

Outforia Quicktake: The central theses

  1. Green pythons are popular in the pet trade for their bright colors and unique tree habits.
  2. Their homeland is New Guinea, some islands of Indonesia and the Cape York Peninsula in Australia.
  3. They mainly live in dense rainforest habitats and spend most of their time in trees.
  4. Their main diet consists of small mammals and reptiles, and they have heat-sensitive dimples on their faces to detect warm-blooded prey.
  5. They grow up to 1.4-1.8 meters in length and can live up to 20 years in captivity.
Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (1)

Scientific name:morelia viridis
Geography:Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and Australia
Habitat: Hot, humid rainforests
Diet: rodents, lizards and rarely birds
Behave: Aggressive
Lifespan:Estimated 15-20 years
protection status: Least concern

Covered in rainforest leaves, it hides a reptile so well camouflaged it could be mistaken for a vine. Green tree python (Morelia viridis)is a magnificent snake native to the jungles of New Guinea, eastern Indonesia and northeastern Australia.

Known for their bright colors, green tree pythons are also popular in the exotic pet trade.

This article provides an overview of these beautiful snakes, their habitats, diet, behavior, conservation status, and more.


Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (2)

Have green tree pythonssmooth, light green scales. White, blue, or yellow spots may appear on some specimens when they feel like it.

Their heads are triangular and have small holes called "holes" along their snouts.labial pits. The labia pits act as heat sensors, allowing the python to sharpen its prey when hunting.

The chicks are not green. In an act of rebellion against their parents, hatchlings are light yellow, red, or brown in coloration. Eventually, the young snakes molt and slip into a regular green-scaled suit.

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (3)

In fact, baby green pythons aren't green, as it allows them to blend in better with the forest floor.

(Video) Unboxing Green Tree Pythons!

The bright green scales would make the young pythons stand out like a patch of grass in the snow. And the distinctive python is an easy target for predators.

However, the green coloring of adult pythons is better hidden among the leaves and vines of the rainforest canopy, where they spend most of their time.

Adults reach a length of about 1.5 m. They have over 100 razor-sharp teeth that curve backwards. The backward-curved teeth help them grab their prey better.

lip pits

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (4)

There are lip pitsmuzzle-lined pocketspythons, boas and some vipers. They enable snakes to perceiveInfrared thermal signatures of the victim.

Warm-blooded animals emit thermal radiation, or a thermal signature. For example, the heat radiated by a mouse is absorbed by the python's lip cavities. Python can then better track the movements of the mouse and focus on killing it.

But the labia pits not only fulfill one function, namely finding prey. They also help with thermoregulation.

Snakes are cold-bloodedTherefore, they cannot regulate their own body temperature like mammals. Instead, they must regulate their body temperature outdoors by finding warm or cool spots in the environment.

Thus, labia pits help find warm spots that the snake can use for sunbathing to raise its body temperature.

range and habitat

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (5)

Green pythons live in ithot, humid rainforestsNew Guinea, Indonesia and Australia. They are believed to be native to Southeast Asia and first arrived in Australia around 23 million years ago.

How they got to Australia is not yet clear.

For example, Australia split off from the old supercontinent Gondwana180 million years ago. Thus, the green tree python, or its ancient cousin, came onto the market some time after the continents split.

However, they somehow ended up in Australia and did well there. And in case people who are afraid of snakes need another reason not to visit Australia, green pythons are one of the fifteen python species living there. So Australia is actually the mostContinent diverse in terms of pythons on the planet.

Finally, there are green pythonsnadrzewnyThis means they spend most of their lives in trees. In fact, that's appreciatedGreen pythons spend 90% of their lives in trees.

You may also like...

(Video) Green Tree Python Enclosure Remodel!!

feeding and hunting

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (6)

There are green pythonsSet an ambush for predators. They wait for food to come to them rather than actively looking for prey.

However, they do not rely on mere chance for food; Green pythons use their tails to attract prey. They will then attack if something approaches, such as a small rodent or an inquisitive reptile.

This ambush master feeds primarily on small rodents and occasionally lizards. They rarely, if ever, eat birds.

They have green pythonsunique way of huntingAlso.

First, they wag their tails to attract prey. They then curve off the branch in an S-shaped striking position. Like lightning, they strike their prey by hanging their tail from the branch and squeezing the prey with the rest of their body before swallowing it whole.


Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (7)

As previously mentioned, green pythons spend most of their time in trees. So they are not called tree pythons for nothing.

But instead of gliding along the branches of the canopy, green tree pythons often remain stationary and curled up on a branch.

Now they don't wrap themselves around the branch like a tendril, but twine around it. Instead, they curl up in a disk shape, letting their front and rear ends hang sideways on the branch.

Imagine you have a green pancake that you are balancing on a branch with its sides hanging over it like a horse's saddle. It's almost like that.

But green tree pythons are not green pancakes, and it would be a mistake to eat them. Because while they aren't venomous, you don't want to be bitten by these long-toothed reptiles. They have a reputation for being aggressive, and bites are painful and may require medical attention.

Although green tree pythons spend most of their lives in trees, they occasionally venture onto the ground. For example, while mating takes place in trees, females aredescend to the forest floorOwn the doctor.

Adult green pythons are also mostly nocturnal. However, juveniles are diurnal and hunt in daylight.

You may also like...Do snakes have bones? Flexible, dangerous noodles and their spectacular skeletons

life cycle and reproduction

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (8)

When the Green Python female is ready to give birth, she descends to the forest floor in search of a nest.

Normally, pregnant snakes seek out hollow tree trunks to lay their eggs. However, any sheltered, hidden and moist place is suitable for nesting.

(Video) Green Tree Python

Once a nest site is found, the mother snake will lie down somewhere5 to 35 eggs. It wraps itself around its balls and vibrates its muscles to generate heat.

Eventually, after protecting her eggs for more than two months, the chicks hatch. During this time, the mother does not take any food and leaves the nest site shortly after the young hatch.

It's a cruel, cruel world and helpless girls have to fend for themselves. They usually stay on the forest floor, hiding in leaf litter and doing their best to go unnoticed.

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (9)

Then, around 6 to 12 months of age, the puppies turn their distinctive green color. Shortly thereafter, they move to the trees, where they spend most of their lives.

The young reach sexual maturity at the age of about two years. They are quite promiscuous beings to mate withmany partners throughout life.

I can imagine that the maintenance bills are not in order. Given that mothers abandon their young after hatching, I doubt that either parent cares about the welfare of their children.

Mating, laying eggs, ensuring they're hatched, and then moving on—that's the sex life of green pythons.

They also don't have a specific mating season. So,Breeding can take place at any time of the year.

Finally, the average lifespan of a green tree python is not exactly known. However, it is estimated that approx15 to 20 years.

You may also like...How do snakes connect? The Strange and Terrifying World of Snake Reproduction

protection status

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (10)

Due to the popularity of green pythons as pets,poachingled to a slight decline in their population. Despite this, green pythons are listed as a species.least concernvon der International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The exact population is unknown but is believed to be stable for the time being.

Green tree pythons as pets

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (11)

Just because someone has a green python doesn't mean someone was hunted from the wild. Most animals arebred in captivity and sold by tradersor the breeders themselves.

While green tree pythons certainly make a nice pet, they are not easy to care for. you needLarge terrariums with plenty of room to climb. They also require special heating and humidity control.

Additionally,Green pythons can be aggressive. Aggression is expressed through biting, not sarcasm or tantrums. Green python bites are painful and in some cases may require sutures. For this reasonService should be kept to a minimum.

(Video) Emerald Tree Boa, The Best Pet Snake?

Avoid green tree pythons if you're looking for a stuffed animal that's happy to interact with you. Only someone with experience caring for reptiles should consider purchasing these snakes.

If you are considering a Green Python as a pet, check out this guide:Green Tree Python User Guide: Best Practices for Maintainers! (Reptile Leader)

Of course, if possible, it's best to consult many guides and speak to reptile experts for more information.

frequently asked Questions

Meet the green tree python: the verdant beauty of the rainforest (12)

Is the Green Python Poisonous?

No, green pythons arenot poisonous. Apart from the razor-sharp teeth, the bites are harmless.

Are Green Tree Pythons Good Pets?

It depends. They can make good pets if you have the knowledge and experience of handling reptiles. Because of their aggressive tendencies and terrarium-specific requirements (heat, lighting, humidity, etc.)They are not easy to care for.

Don't expect tail wagging or tender affection from these moody reptiles

Are green pythons difficult to keep?

Yes they are. Beginners should not buy a green python as a pet. Their demands on the terrarium are high and they can be aggressive towards their owners. They must also commit to taking care of them in the way they can20 Lat.

Does a green tree python bite hurt?

Yes, python bites are absolutely painful. They have 100 razor-sharp teeth in their mouths that easily penetrate human skin. Also, the teeth are curved backwards, so breaking them open can lead to further cracking and damage.

More ofOutphorie

Want to learn more about snakes? Check out the articles below!

(Video) Meet My Tiny Rough Green Snakes! Are They Good Pets?

  • Corn snakes: useful crawling friends
  • Reticulated Python: the longest snake in the world
  • Black Mamba: Africa's most dynamic and dangerous snake
  • San Francisco Garter Snake: America's Rare Beautiful Snake
  • Green Anaconda: All About the World's Heaviest Snakes


What is the description of the green tree python? ›

Green tree pythons have diamond shaped heads with irregular scales and are named for their vibrant green color. They have a white or yellow vertebral stripes and many also have yellow, green or blue spots.

What order is a green tree python in? ›

What is the history of the green tree python? ›

The green tree python (Morelia viridis) is a species of snake in the family Pythonidae. The species is native to New Guinea, some islands in Indonesia, and the Cape York Peninsula in Australia. First described by Hermann Schlegel in 1872, it was known for many years as Chondropython viridis.

What are the adaptations of the green tree python? ›

The vivid emerald green coloration and disruptive pattern of spots and stripes provides camouflage for these highly arboreal snakes as they rest or move through the dense vegetation in the trees. When resting, they are virtually invisible – a useful adaptation for these patient predators.

What is the symbolism of a green tree snake? ›

Change and New Beginnings

The color green was always considered the color of new life, while snakes were always associated with transformation. Therefore, dreaming of a green snake symbolizes a period of change or new beginnings in your waking life.

What are two facts about the green tree python? ›

Fun Facts:

Hatchlings can be red, yellow, or blue when born and turn the vivid green color as they mature. Spends almost their entire lives in the trees. Uses thermo sensory pits (heat sensors) on its jaw to track warm blooded prey. Known to utilize strategy while hunting.

What is the most expensive snake in the world? ›

Green tree python

Are green tree pythons friendly? ›

Are Green Tree pythons aggressive? Yes, these snakes are known for their temperaments, and can be challenging for even experienced reptile keepers to manage. While some individuals may be easier to handle than others, this species is generally more prone to striking and biting.

Can green tree pythons swim? ›

characteristics. …a few, such as the green tree python (Morelia viridis) of Australia and New Guinea, are strongly arboreal. Terrestrial pythons are regularly found near water and are proficient swimmers, but they hunt and eat almost exclusively on land.

Can green tree python change color? ›

Green pythons (Morelia viridis) are ideal for examining the adaptive significance of ontogenetic colour change. The juveniles have two colour morphs, bright yellow and 'brick' red, whereas the adults are a vibrant green (figure 1a–c). Individuals change colour when they are approximately 55 cm long (Wilson et al.

How long does a green tree python live? ›

Green trees are a relatively slim bodied snake with a large head and long tail well suited for their arboreal life style. Depending on the region and the gender (females are larger typically) these beautiful snakes can reach 5-7 feet and live 15-20 years.

What do tree pythons eat? ›

In the wild, the green tree python will eat small mammals, rodents, birds, lizards, and amphibians. Captive snakes will survive on a rodent-based diet. This is a complete diet for this snake.

What is the difference between a green tree snake and a green tree python? ›

The two also belong to different families and at a closer look, look very different. Another difference is that the green tree snake is diurnal (active during the day) while the green tree python, like most pythons, is nocturnal (active during the night).

Where do green tree pythons sleep? ›

At night the Green Tree Snake sleeps in tree hollows, rock crevices, narrow caves or abandoned buildings. During winter, groups of snakes congregate together to conserve heat.

How do green tree pythons sleep? ›

These snakes have a particular way of resting in the branches of trees; they loop a coil or two over the branches in a saddle position and place their head in the middle. Green tree pythons are primarily nocturnal hunters.

What is the spiritual purpose of snake plant? ›

“The Chinese love the snake plant for its ability to absorb negative energy,” says Shamshur. “According to feng shui, placing Sansevieria in a classroom facilitates learning.” Shamshur notes that snake plants are believed to absorb negative energies and eliminate bitterness and jealousy.

What does the green tree of life mean? ›

The tree of life represents the afterlife, and connection between the earth and heaven. The bond and affection to trees is so deep that Celts believed the actual trees were their ancestors, gatekeepers to the Celtic Otherworld. As such, the tree of life in Celtic Culture is sacred.

What is snake plant in spirituality? ›

Snake plants (also known as sansevieria—their botanical name is Sansevieria trifasciata) can purify the air inside your home as its leaves absorb a variety of toxins, according to one study by NASA. They are also, according to Feng Shui teachings, the perfect plants to attract money, prosperity, and good energy.

What is an interesting fact about a green snake? ›

Smooth green snakes are the only snakes in eastern North America that are entirely bright green on their upper surfaces. This coloration camouflages them well in their grassy habitats.

Do all green tree pythons turn green? ›

Juvenile green tree pythons are typically yellow, red or dark brown-black. As they mature, their color changes to the bright green many adults display. Some individuals keep their bright-yellow juvenile colors, and some turn straight to blue. Each color is unique and stunning in its own way.

What snake has killed the most humans? ›

The killer of the most people

The saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) may be the deadliest of all snakes, since scientists believe it to be responsible for more human deaths than all other snake species combined.

What is America's rarest snake? ›

A pine snake from the genus Pituophis. Unfortunately, the Louisiana pine snake is the rarest snake in America. It's unusual to be the rarest but this snake is it. The Louisiana pine snake is the rarest snake in the United States with 200 or so individuals still in the wild.

What is the sweetest snake in the world? ›

The friendliest snake in the world is the corn snake. They would be voted “best personality” in the yearbook of snakes. Corn snakes are very friendly and love to be handled. Because they are easy to take care of they are one of the most popular pet snakes.

Do green tree python bites hurt? ›

Green Tree Pythons may be a little intimidating and scary to some people, but besides having a painful bite, they are pretty much harmless.

Are green tree pythons toxic? ›

Is the green tree python venomous? Green tree pythons are nonvenomous. They are constrictors and ambush predators – they capture prey by using their tail to hold onto a branch and then striking out and constricting their prey.

Do green tree pythons eat rats? ›

Green Tree Python Food

Green tree pythons do best on a weekly diet of frozen-thawed rodents. Green tree python neonates feed on day-old pinky mice. Adults need one small rat every 10 to 12 days.

Do green tree pythons hiss? ›

They are a quiet species. But they will hiss when threatened.

Do green tree pythons need a heat lamp? ›

Green tree pythons require a warm basking area but a near constant air temperature. The ambient air temperature want to be around 88oF is created by using a ceramic night bulb. These radiate heat but produce no light. This bulb should be protected with a bulb guard and controlled by a good quality thermostat.

Do green tree pythons need misting? ›

Daily misting is normally a part of green tree python husbandry, and a cool floor often stays wet, which can cause mold to form.

Are green tree pythons hostile? ›

Green tree pythons have a reputation for being aggressive, but they actually tend to just be shy and afraid of humans. That said, they won't hesitate to bite if you get too close.

Are green tree pythons hard to keep? ›

Maintaining green tree pythons in captivity is not too difficult. While they do require a more specialized setup than other commonly kept herps such as corn snakes or ball pythons, they are more than worth the effort.

Do green tree pythons lay eggs? ›

Reproduction and Breeding The Green tree python is able to mate and lay eggs throughout the year, but breeding season is generally August through December with egg laying from November to February.

Do green tree pythons like water? ›

Green tree pythons have a tendency to get dehydrated, but the environment should not be constantly wet. Keep a non-porous water bowl in with your snakes and make sure it always has clean water.

Can a green tree python live in a 20 gallon tank? ›

Green Tree Pythons are strictly arboreal. A 20-30 gallon tank can adequately house younger snakes, but will need a larger tank as it grows into an adult. Because these snakes are arboreal and live their lives among the treetops, tank height is important.

Are green tree pythons hard to breed? ›

Green tree pythons (Morelia viridis) have a long history of captive reproduction, and there are more people breeding them now than ever before. Many of the initial challenges of egg incubation and establishing newborns have been overcome. Still, this is not what most would call an easy species to breed.

Do pythons need a water bowl? ›

As mentioned above, it is very important for a ball python to have water at all times. The water bowl should be large enough for the ball python to be able to completely coil inside. The larger water bowl also helps combat the low Arizona humidity.

What are pythons attracted to? ›

They're attracted to puddles, wet grass, sunken spots, and other stagnant water. Water like this also tends to attract rodents and insects, which snakes can eat. If you see a lot of snakes around your home, it's possible you have other pests to worry about, too.

Do pythons eat every day? ›

Generally, smaller or younger ball pythons need to eatevery five days, while larger ones usually eat once every week or two. As they get older you feed them more at one time so they don't need as many feedings. Cost of feeding a ball python.

What kind of snake is purple? ›

Amblyodipsas is a genus of snakes found in Africa. Currently, 9 species are recognized. These snakes are often known as purple-glossed snakes or glossy snakes.

How often do green tree pythons poop? ›

Reptiles digest their food faster in higher temperatures. So, how often a snake should poop comes down to how often you are feeding it. If you're feeding your snake every five days, you can typically expect it to poop every five days. If you are feeding it every month, it should be pooping every month.

Are pythons venomous? ›

Pythons do not have venom and colubrids (rear-fanged snakes) either have a weak venom or lack venom altogether. Bites from venomous elapids (front-fanged snakes) should be taken seriously and treated appropriately. Read more about avoiding and treating snake bites.

How do pythons see at night? ›

Snakes can 'see' in the dark thanks to protein channels that are activated by heat from the bodies of their prey. Vipers, pythons and boas have holes on their faces called pit organs, which contain a membrane that can detect infrared radiation from warm bodies up to one metre away.

Do green tree pythons eat frogs? ›

Green tree pythons prefer to eat mostly small mammals and other reptiles; in the wild they are known to eat frogs, birds, lizards, bats, and other vertebrates, especially those found in trees.

How long can a green tree python go without food? ›

Adult males might not eat for 4 months or more, especially during breeding season.

What do pythons do at night? ›

Ball pythons are typically nocturnal (active at night) or crepuscular (most active during dawn and dusk). They spend most of their time on or under the ground in burrows. When resting, startled or defensive, these pythons curl tightly into a ball, concealing their vulnerable head amongst the coils.

Do pythons eat at night? ›

As they are non-venomous, when they catch their prey, they suffocate it by constricting it and then swallow it whole. Carpet pythons mostly feed after dark, and eat smaller animals such as rats, possums and birds. Smaller carpet pythons prefer to feed on lizards.

What time do pythons sleep? ›

Yes, ball pythons are nocturnal but it is difficult to tell when they sleep throughout the day. These snakes love sleeping and are known to nap between 20 and 23 hours daily, making them sluggish snakes. Like all snakes, the ball python does not have eyelids, but they do have a “brille” on each eye.

How venomous is a green tree python? ›

Is the green tree python venomous? Green tree pythons are nonvenomous. They are constrictors and ambush predators – they capture prey by using their tail to hold onto a branch and then striking out and constricting their prey.

Why do green tree pythons change Colour? ›

Our results show that the colours of adult and juvenile green pythons help them to avoid predation from avian predators in the habitats they prefer. Although red and yellow are typical warning colours to other species (Ruxton et al. 2004), these pythons are not aposematic or aposematic mimics (Wilson et al. 2006b).

Are green tree snakes poisonous? ›

Green tree snakes are are non-venomous species. Sure, you don't want to be bitten by one because it will be painful. But if you get bitten by one, you have nothing to worry about except for some slight swelling and discomfort.

What eats pythons in the rainforest? ›

Pythons have predators. Small, young pythons may be attacked and eaten by a variety of birds, wild dogs and hyenas, large frogs, large insects and spiders, and even other snakes. But adult pythons are also at risk from birds of prey and even lions and leopards.

Do green tree pythons have teeth? ›

Green tree pythons may have more than 100 teeth and their teeth can be up to 2 cm long!

Do green tree pythons drink water? ›

Often a green tree python drinks water droplets from the sides of the cage and its furnishings. It is wise to keep a bowl of clean, fresh water in the enclosure, too. Some snakes drink more readily from an elevated water bowl located near their perch.

Do green tree pythons need a water bowl? ›

Green tree pythons have a tendency to get dehydrated, but the environment should not be constantly wet. Keep a non-porous water bowl in with your snakes and make sure it always has clean water.


1. Moving the First SNAKES into the Zoo!!
(Snake Discovery)
2. Carpet Python, The Best Pet Snake?
(Clint's Reptiles)
3. My BIG FAT Green Tree Frog!
(Brave Wilderness)
4. Welcome to the Jungle | Critical Role | Campaign 2, Episode 38
(Critical Role)
5. Emerald (Green) Tree Skink, The Best Pet Lizard?
(Clint's Reptiles)
6. How to Care for Gray Treefrogs!
(Snake Discovery)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Terence Hammes MD

Last Updated: 02/08/2023

Views: 5563

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (49 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Terence Hammes MD

Birthday: 1992-04-11

Address: Suite 408 9446 Mercy Mews, West Roxie, CT 04904

Phone: +50312511349175

Job: Product Consulting Liaison

Hobby: Jogging, Motor sports, Nordic skating, Jigsaw puzzles, Bird watching, Nordic skating, Sculpting

Introduction: My name is Terence Hammes MD, I am a inexpensive, energetic, jolly, faithful, cheerful, proud, rich person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.